To thicken existing hay fields, drill about one to two bushels per acre as soon as possible directly into the existing crop. For hay, cut oats soon after plants begin to dry out following a killing freeze, or cut earlier if plants reach a desirable growth stage. If you have good soil moisture, give fall oats a try. Optimum-planting time for forage oats is from late March to Early April. Related Articles. Some oat varieties do not meet the exporters standard and therefore will not be accepted for delivery. In Koehler’s case, he underseeded red clover with oats in both 2018 and 2019. Selecting appropriate cutting time is critical in achieving this standard whilst maintaining hay yield and quality. Even flying oats onto corn fields severely damaged by weather or to be chopped early for silage can work, although rye tends to work better for flying on seed. Some of your best forage growth may still … Please note: This content may be out of date and is currently under review. The oats are planted in the spring of the year and cut and harvested for hay in the early summer. Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development's Agriculture and Food division is committed to growing and protecting WA's agriculture and food sector. . "However, growth and vigor are typically greater where pre-plant tillage is used." This article appeared in the August/September 2017 issue of Hay & Forage Grower on page 30. Rake soil over the seeds and keep the soil moist. By Steve Barnhart, Department of Agronomy Oats have been an important crop in Iowa. Rain over 12mm on cut hay may drastically downgrade it compared to hay left standing for an extra two weeks. With good moisture, oats will be ready to graze about 6 to 8 weeks after emergence. Some oat varieties do not meet the exporters standard and therefore will not be accepted for delivery. Adding hay or roughage to the diet will slow down animal performance as the animal substitutes the Could you use some extra pasture or hay in late September and October? The oat crop is grown specifically for hay instead of harvested for grain. Certain precautions should be taken to store oats away from rodents, and … The best rotational crops include canola, hay, soybeans and other legumes. In early spring or fall, weed and till the planting area. Oats sown at a rate of 1 to 1½ bushels (32-48 lbs.) This oat hay produces a high protein feed suitable for cattle, horses and sheep. There are specific requirements for hay for the export market that are different to usual on-farm requirements. Soybeans can be harvested as a hay or silage crop. Bruce Anderson Nebraska Extension Forage Specialist. Some of your best forage growth may still be ahead of you. Oats can accumulate nitrates, so test hay before feeding. Oats can accumulate nitrates, so test hay before feeding. Oats can be intercropped for silage and autumn grazing, and used as fodder for swath grazing. Avoid fields with herbicide carryover, and topdress 40 pounds of nitrogen per acre unless the previous crop was heavily fertilized. Oats can accumulate nitrates, so test hay before feeding. Oats are sometimes grazed, but the main use is for hay and silage, fulfilling an important role as feed for livestock operations in the Northern Great Plains of North America. These include earlier cutting times, green hay colour, low moisture content, freedom from weeds and thin-strawed varieties. In some years oaten hay for export or domestic purposes can be can be more profitable than grain. they’ve now become a high-quality and very productive forage crop! Some processors however may prefer hay cut at a different development stage, so check with your exporter before cutting. Store the oats in a warm, dry area while curing them. 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