He has published numerous works, including Common Denominators: Ethnicity, Nationalism and the Politics of Compromise in Mauritius, Fredrik Barth: An Intellectual Biography, and Overheating: An Anthropology of Accelerated Change. Nancy Scheper-Hughes is a program director and professor for medical anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley. He is the founder of the journal Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry and served as editor for a decade. Ulf Hannerz is an emeritus professor of social anthropology at Stockholm University, which is where he also earned his PhD. Even so, there can be no doubt of Latour’s impact on the field. He is the former Editor-in-Chief of American Anthropologist, and is co-editor of a Princeton book series titled, “Princeton Studies in Culture and Technology”. He has published numerous works, including Nuclear Rites: A Weapons Laboratory at the End of the Cold War, People of the Bomb: Portraits of America’s Nuclear Complex, and Drone Remote Control Warfare. Fassin is founder of Iris, the Interdisciplinary Research Institute for Social Sciences and has served as a member of the Scientific Council of the French Institute of Health and Medical Research and the Scientific Council of the City of Paris. This includes the most prominent anthropologists, living and dead, both in America and abroad. From 1969–1978, Kleinman conducted research in China and Taiwan studying mental illness and examining public health aspects of mental illness and social suffering. She earned a Bachelor of Arts and Master of Philosophy from Bryn Mawr College. Discover influential anthropologists throughout history: Of All Time | He has held Fulbright fellowships at the National Museum in Rio de Janeiro and the University of Iceland. She collaborated with colleagues to launch Organs Watch, an organization for the research and investigation of human organ trafficking worldwide. Robert Hayward Barlow (May 18, 1918 – January 1 or 2, 1951) was an American author, avant-garde poet, anthropologist and historian of early Mexico, and expert in … He is currently the President-Elect of the American Ethnological Society and serves on the American Association of Anthropology’s Task Force on Engagement with Israel/Palestine. Mary Albright ( Jane Curtin) in the sitcom 3rd Rock from the Sun. He is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a former director of the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study. Henry Field was born in Chicago.... Francisco Pascasio Moreno (May 31, 1852 – November 22, 1919) was a prominent explorer and... Michael D. Jackson is a New Zealand poet and anthropologist who has taught in anthropology... Jesse Walter Fewkes was an American anthropologist, archaeologist, writer and naturalist. Louise Lamphere was surprisingly denied tenure in 1974 which lead to a landmark class action suit charging Brown University of sex discrimination, noting her tenure denial but also the larger patterns of discrimination of women at the university. Sociocultural anthropologists are especially concerned with diversity and variation among cultures, consequently examining the concepts of cultural relativism and universalism. Female archaeologists, Egyptologists, View archaeologists by country Bill Maurer is the dean of the School of Social Sciences for the University of California at Irvine, the founding director of the Institute for Money Technology and Financial Inclusion, and a scholar of legal and economic anthropology. James D. Wolfensohn Professor of Social Science. Most popular famous Anthropologists. She earned her BA from the University of California at Berkeley, a PhD from Yale University, and a JD from Harvard Law School. She was named one of the Top 25 Women in Technology to Watch, one of the 100 Most Creative People in Business and to Elle Magazine’s list of influential women in technology. Much of his work is filtered through the lens of the work of Walter Benjamin. She is credited with... Livingston Farrand (June 14, 1867 – November 8, 1939) was an American physician,... Dr. Timothy R. Pauketat is an “American Bottom” Mississippian-era archaeologist and professor... Anne Allison is a professor of cultural anthropology at Duke University in the United States,... Stuart McKee Struever (born 1931) is an American archaeologist and anthropologist best known... who pays the highest child support in the world. She attended Crofton Lane Primary School and Bromley High School before moving on to study Archaeology and Anthropology at Girton College. Hannerz served as chair of the International Advisory Board for the Institute of Social Anthropology’s Austrian Academy of Sciences from 2014–2016, and is still a member today. Sahlins began his trajectory toward becoming one of the most famous anthropologists when he started writing and publishing scholarly works in the late-1950s. In addition, several of his graduate students went on to establish some of the first anthropology departments in universities across the country, including programs at the University of California at Berkeley, University of Chicago, Northwestern University, and beyond. Anthropologists Find out more about the greatest 20th Century Anthropologists, including Jane Goodall, Ann Dunham, Pierre Bourdieu, Margaret Mead and Steven Pinker Famous 20th Century Anthropologists Her research has specialized in many areas, including, but not limited to: cultural forensic anthropology, human organ trafficking, invisible genocides, Pope Francis, violence, death squads, and epidemics. These scholars are teachers, mentors, and practitioners who work every day to advance the field and help prepare the next generation of anthropologists. Author has 350 answers and 522.4K answer views. She investigated the cultural and societal forces at work when assistive reproductive technologies became an option. Writings from previous centuries are considered proto-anthropological, without the structure of the formal discipline. Others see fieldwork as encompassing a wide variety of practices in different settings, and as one of many different methods by which anthropologists can gain intimate knowledge of a community. He was active in the Occupy Wall Street movement and is co-founder of the Anti-Capitalist Convergence. Her work in medical anthropology is critical to the field. Kleinman is also the Professor of Medical Anthropology in Global Health and Social Medicine and Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. His unique mix of brilliance and recklessness promises to push the boundaries of anthropology in the future. She is also a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and has been awarded the Viking Fund Medal, the Huxley Medal and the 30th Anniversary Independence Medal of Papua New Guinea. He formerly held the position of Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs at George Washington University. Anthropologists generally regard Herodotus, a Greek historian who lived in the 400s bc, as the first thinker to write widely on concepts that would later become central to anthropology. About Us. In Lebanon, the use of assistive reproductive technologies was not only acceptable, but a demonstration of masculinity. His works have included Moala: Culture and Nature on a Fijian Island, The Use and Abuse of Biology: An Anthropological Critique of Sociobiology, and Apologies to Thucydides: Understanding History as Culture and Vice Versa. He earned his BA from the University of Virginia, his MS from the University of Kentucky, and his PhD in anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania. His work in Second Life yielded a book, Coming of Age in Second Life: An Anthropologist Explores the Virtually Human. Her approach to feminist anthropology has yielded important scholarship, including Self-Interest and the Social Good: Some Implications of Hagen Gender Imagery and Dealing with Inequality: Analysing Gender Relations in Melanesia and Beyond. In 2013 he was named the winner of the Holberg Prize for his intellectual disruption and work in interdisciplinary fields such as anthropology, history, philosophy, and others. The Wonka-fication of chocolate in American society is multiply damaging, increasing cocoa producer vulnerability to COVID-19 and further eliding the inequalities that characterize the value chain. Perhaps best known for his ethnographic work, Hann has also explored the connections between anthropology and history. Some feel that a collaboration between anthropologists studying a people, and military officials wishing to take action on or with those people, represents a breach of trust. Marshall Sahlins is the Charles F. Grey Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Anthropology and Social Sciences at the University of Chicago. He has written numerous works regarding his anthropological study, including “Earliest evidence of modern human life history in North African early Home sapiens.”, Feminist Anthropology, Urban Anthropology. He earned his MD from Pierre and Marie Curie University, an MA from the University of Paris, and a PhD from École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. A Distinguished Lifetime Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association, Kleinman continues to publish articles in The Lancet and the New England Journal of Medicine, among other journals on topics such as global mental health, the search for wisdom, and on culture, bereavement and psychiatry. More than 4,500 colleagues supported him by writing letters and signing petitions, but to no avail. McFate’s path to becoming a famous anthropologist has not been without controversy, however. Last 20 Years. Famous Anthropologists - List of Famous Anthropologists - page 2 An anthropologist may refer to a professionally trained and qualified individual who is involved in the study and the application of origins, behavior and the social, physical and the cultural aspects of human development. Modern anthropology, as we know it now, originated during the Age of Enlightenment, when an understanding of the universal history of mankind was also viewed as analogous to the ultimate goal of enlightenment. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and is the associate editor of the Journal of Cultural Economy. Sahlins is most famous for his notable contributions in the fields of economic and historical anthropology and has performed most of his research in Hawaii and Fiji. Most recently, she was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia in recognition for her outstanding contributions. He is the founder of University College of London’s digital anthropology program and the director of Why We Post: Global Social Media Impact Study, an international anthropological study of human social media usage. Lamphere has served as President-elect (1997–99) and President (1999–2001) of the American Anthropological Association. David Graeber: Economic anthropologist who works on general anthropological theories (value, debt, activism, and bureaucracy to name a few). Her controversial work, Death Without Weeping: The Violence of Everyday Life in Brazil, was a shocking description of Brazilian mothers having to choose which of their children lives or dies, due to extreme poverty and their life of horrific suffering. He is a member of the Society for Applied Anthropology, Network of Concerned Anthropologists and American Anthropological Association. Graeber was a lecturer and reader for Goldsmith’s College at the University of London from 2008–2013. From sleds made of bones to supernatural sealskin hunting suits, this stirring show celebrates the heroism and ingenuity of humans who survive in balance with nature Celebs Nationality Zodiac Sign Height Hair Color Eye Color. in geology with first-class...... Sir Arthur Keith. She found the stigmatization of infertility for Egyptian women and the social pressures faced by childless women. Most recently, the organization granted him the Huxley Memorial Medal. Activities Sport Music Cinema / Theater Beauty / Fashion Radio / TV /Web. He has authored hundreds of articles and several books about this work, including Patients and Healers in the Context of Culture , The Illness Narratives: Suffering, Healing, and the Human Condition, What Really Matters: Living a Moral Life Amidst Uncertainty and Danger, and Rethinking Psychiatry. Her research into the social impacts of infertility in Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Lebanon made her the first anthropologist to conduct such a study in the Middle East. Kenneth Oakley, English physical anthropologist, geologist, and paleontologist best known for his work in the relative dating of fossils by fluorine content. Over the course of her career, she has worked as a defense consultant for the Office of Naval Research, the United States Institute of Peace, and the Rand Corporation. Famous As: Lexicographer, Anthropologist, Librarian, Writer, Law librarian, Children's writer, Educationist, Linguist, Specialist in literature, Germanist, Jurist, University teacher, Poet lawyer, Mythographer Her work on reproductive technology opened up new lines of inquiry into the female experience and how procreation impacts society. She is a recognized expert in gender, fertility, and women’s health. Maurer’s work has received four major National Science Foundation research grants, funding studies into international finance and digital currencies. His research into LGBT issues has taken him from Indonesia to virtual worlds, including a study that took place within the online virtual reality game Second Life. Dian Fossey (; January 16, 1932 – c. December 26, 1985) was an American primatologist and... Zora Neale Hurston (January 7, 1891 – January 28, 1960) was an influential author of... Carlos Castaneda (December 25, 1925–April 27, 1998) was an American author. In 2010, he was awarded the Anders Retzius gold medal by the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography. His research has focused on a somewhat niche subfield, the anthropology of finance. His other notable works include: Shamanism, Colonialism, and the Wild Man: A Study in Terror and Healing, Defacement: Public Secrecy and the Labor of the Negative, and Law in a Lawless Land: Diary of Limpieza in Colombia. Michael Taussig is a professor at Columbia University. He has taught at such esteemed institutions as École des Mines de Paris and Sciences Po Paris, influencing the next generation of anthropologists. Marilyn Strathern was born in 1941 in North Wales. Note: This isn’t simply a list of the most influential anthropologists alive today. In so doing, he pioneered the study of digital anthropology, which investigates the experience of human/technology interactions. His initial research efforts focused on nuclear weapons culture and most recently has focused on counterinsurgency operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as teenage alcohol consumption. He studied philosophy, politics and economics at Jesus College at Cambridge, before taking on his graduate studies at Corpus Christi College at Cambridge. He was later a student of the Accademia di Belle Arti, … Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs. He is also founder and director of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology’s Department of Human Evolution. Miller is a critic of materialism, an ethos in which the material is valued more highly than the cultivation of relationships with other people. It is notable that Brown later awarded Lamphere an honorary LHD for her courage in standing up for fairness and equity. Jean-Jacques Hublin is a paleoanthropologist, president of the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution, and a professor of anthropology at Leiden University, Max Planck Society, and the University of Leipzig. Carlos Castaneda is not just a scientist, ... ethnography and mysticism. He lived with and researched with the Achuar in Ecuador from 1976 to 1978. William M. Bass is a forensic anthropologist, famous for his work on the study of human decomposition. Today, some anthropologists still consider that doing fieldwork in the traditional Malinowskian sense is an essential and distinguishing aspect of anthropological research. He got his schooling at Patina and Ranchi and higher education at Calcutta. Why We Post generated a body of research that has been downloaded more than half a million times. His research involved the study of the Cuna, an indigenous people in Panama. He earned a BA from Cambridge University, an MA from the University of Pennsylvania, and a PhD from Stanford University. He has held chair for the Association for Queer Anthropology and is a fellow of the American Council of Learned Societies. He is the author of numerous books and articles, including  Agent, Person, Subject, Self: A Theory of Ontology, Interaction, and Infrastructure, The Chicken and the Quetzal: Incommensurate Ontologies and Portable Values in Guatemala’s Cloud Forest, and most recently, Kinds of Value: An Experiment in Modal Anthropology. His work has investigated Marxist-Leninist-Maoist socialism and the evolution of civil society. He founded the University of Tennessee Anthropological Research, also known as “The Body Farm”. He earned his BA from the State University of New York at Purchase and his MA. After hearing of the efforts to support military research, Sahlin resigned from the National Academy of Sciences in protest. His principled approach to anthropology has earned him a devoted following, including, of course, the many promising new anthropologists whom he has mentored throughout his teaching career. From there, he spent twenty months conducting research in Madagascar on a Fulbright fellowship. He has conducted extensive research into the anthropology of Neandertals, with a particular focus on evolution, demographic fluctuations, the origin of Homo sapiens and the eventual fate of Neandertals. Oakley received a B.S. After September 11, 2001, she determined that her mission in life was to try to infuse military decision making with the necessary background anthropological and cultural knowledge needed to make appropriate decisions. This is a list of anthropologists organized She won the Franz Boas Award from the American Anthropological Association for Exemplary Service to Anthropology in 2013 and the Bronislaw Malinoswki Award from the Society of Applied Anthropology in 2017. He earned his PhD in Anthropology and Archaeology from Cambridge University. Influence can be produced in a variety of ways. She also served a postdoctoral fellowship at the National Institute of Mental Health, Laboratory of Human Development at Harvard University. He is a scholar of identity politics, cultural dynamics, the global response to accelerating change and crisis, and the Creole world. Want more? Whatever the approach, concentration or methods, the goal of anthropology is to better understand the full spectrum of the human experience and uncover some truths about where we’ve come from and where we are going. His current interests involve post-Cold War future facing scenarios with impacts on a global scale. Soon after graduating, he became interested in anthropology, and set out on a study of race and decolonization in Ivory Coast. Boellstorff has been active in both LGBT activism and research, serving in roles with the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission and the Institute for Community Health Outreach. This special section includes seven reflections on multimodal research on postcards, building on Mascha Gugganig and Sophie Schor's essay "Multimodal Ethnography in/of/as Postcards". 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